And of course it is the . demand for drugs that fuels Mexican drug smuggling in the first place. Take, for example, the current heroin epidemic in the United States. It originated in the over–prescription of medical opiates to treat pain. The subsequent efforts to reduce the over–prescription of painkillers led those Americans who became dependent on them to resort to illegal heroin. That in turn stimulated a vast expansion of poppy cultivation in Mexico, particularly in Guerrero. In 2015, Mexico’s opium poppy cultivation reached perhaps 28,000 hectares, enough to distill about 70 tons of heroin (which is even more than the 24–50 tons estimated to be necessary to meet the . demand).
Covering a one-year period, the survey revealed that a total of million bribes were paid amounting to Naira 400 billion (the equivalent of $ billion in purchasing power parity). Bribes are mainly paid to speed up and finalize administrative procedures, to avoid payments of fines and cancellation of public services. The same report shows that the recruitment process of public officials is vulnerable to bribery with 15 per cent of households who had a member getting a job in public administration reporting to have paid a bribe. [Read More]