The purpose of writing an extended essay is for you to be able to pose insightful questions appropriate to the topic, focus the topic, engage in a systematic research process, develop creative and critical thinking, work independently, develop writing and communication skills, experience the satisfaction of intellectual discovery. When the student exits the programme, s/he should know how to plan and pursue research, apply analytical and evaluative skills to their work, understand the implications and context of his/her research, use language appropriate to their research topic, gather and interpret material from credible sources, then use the gathered material to develop and present a well-reasoned argument.
Longer essays may also contain an introductory page that defines words and phrases of the essay's topic. Most academic institutions require that all substantial facts, quotations, and other porting material in an essay be referenced in a bibliography or works cited page at the end of the text. This scholarly convention helps others (whether teachers or fellow scholars) to understand the basis of facts and quotations the author uses to support the essay's argument and helps readers evaluate to what extent the argument is supported by evidence, and to evaluate the quality of that evidence. The academic essay tests the student's ability to present their thoughts in an organized way and is designed to test their intellectual capabilities.
Hard cheese, old chap! Such poems might have been written expressly for adolescents. And the unvarying sexual pessimism (the girl always dies or marries somebody else) seemed like wisdom to boys who were herded together in public schools and were half-inclined to think of women as something unattainable. Whether Housman ever had the same appeal for girls I doubt. In his poems the woman's point of view is not considered, she is merely the nymph, the siren, the treacherous half-human creature who leads you a little distance and then gives you the slip.